Ethanol from Cassava Ethanol is generally produced by the fermentation of sugar, cellulose, or converted starch and has a long history. In Nigeria, local production of ethanol from maize, guinea corn, millet, other starchy substrates, and cellulose is as old as the country itself. Apart from food and pharmaceutical uses, ethanol is finding itself alternative usse for biofuel in most of the developed world for the following reasons:
- It is not poisonous.
- It does not cause air pollution or any environmental hazard.
- It does not contribute to the greenhouse effect problem (CO2 addition to the atmosphere, causing global warming).
- It has a higher octane rating than petrol as a fuel. That is, ethanol is an octane booster and anti-knocking agent.
- It is an excellent raw material for synthetic chemicals.
- Ethanol provides jobs and economic development in rural areas.
- Ethanol reduces country’s dependence on petroleum and it is a source of non-oil revenue for any producing country.
- Ethanol is capable of reducing the adverse foreign trade balance.
- Jet cooker
- Steam boiler
- Efficient treatment plant